Mind Maps

December 11, 2018 | Author: prasadburange | Category: Research Design, Hypothesis, Causality, Scientific Method, Methodology
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Short Description

Mind Maps...


Basic research To describe, explain and  predict

To help in decision making

Applied research

To discover new knowledge

Importance of research

Types of  research

To provide solution to a problem INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH

To seek the truth

Adequate analysis for  decision makers need

Characteristics of good research

Well planned research

Research process detailed

Conclusions  justified

Definition of  research

Ethical issues

Findings presented unambiguously

Purpose clearly defined

Business research means the systematic and objectives process of gathering, recording and analyzing data for  aid in making  business decision decision

Research is an objectives and systematic scientific inquiry or investigation into a specific problem that needs a solution

Case study

Secondary data analysis

Experience survey


Pilot studies

Preliminary data collection or A problem discovery

PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION (Broad  problem area)

Problem definition

1. Research task to either  clarify a problem, to evaluate a program, or to define an o ortunit

3. Indication of a specific business decision area that will be clarified by answering some research questions. It is fre uentl a ne lected area of 

5. In order to state a good research objectives, it should be well formed and with testable research h othesis

2. A careful attention to problem definition allows the researcher to set the proper research questions and objectives. 4. The researcher should make a formal statement of  the problem and the research objectives.

Classification and evaluation about the topic Accredited scholars and researchers have written on a topic It includes research questions, research objectives, thesis, or the issue that will research.

Body of knowledge and establish credibility.

To integrate and summarize what is known in areas.

The direction of research on a question and the connections to a body of knowledge.

To learn from others and stimulates new ideas.

Clarify and focus on research problem Improve methodology

2. Goals of literature review 3. Reasons for literatu re review

1. Literature review meaning


Citations 7. Citations, quotations, and referencing or bibliography

Quotations 6. The contents of  literature review

5. Procedure for reviewing the literature

4. Approaches to reviewing the literature

Identify gaps in current knowledge Identify seminal works in your area Identify opposing views

 Narrow ers ective

Broad ers ective

Introduction: Define the to ic establish writer reason. In the body: Grou of literature review accordin to common themes. Conclusion: Summarizations of ma or contributions of the literature.

Search for existing literature Review the selected literature Develop theoretical framework 

Develop theoretical framework  Develop conceptual framework  Writing the literature review

Measuring variable

Independent variable

Dependent variable

Intervening or  mediating variable Theoretical framework 


Framework discusses the inter-relationship among the concepts and/or  variables that are deemed to be integrals to the dynamics of the situation  being investigated

Types of variables

Types of  framework 

FRAMEWORK DEVELOPMENT Conceptual framework 


Testing the hypothesis HYPOTHESIS DEVELOPMENT Selecting the appropriate test Three conditions of  good hypothesis Better than its rivals. Testable. Adequacy for  its purpose.

Functions of hypothesis

Formulating the hypothesis

It guides the direction of the study. It provides a framework for  organizing the conclusions that result.

Select the appropriate types of  hypothesis

It suggests which form of  research design is the most appropriate.

State the null hypotheses and alternative h otheses

It identifies facts that are relevant and those that are not.

Construct the hypothesis statement

Choosing the level of  significance. Data collection Determining the robabilit Comparing the critical value and making the decision Research conclusion


Description Causal/ H othesis


The nature of study




Exploration 2. Types of  investigation 3. Study setting

1. Purpose of  the study CHAPTER 5 RESEARCH DESIGN

5. Time horizon

1. Cross sectional

4. Unit of analysis (Population to be studied) 2. Longitudinal 1. Individuals

5. Countries

2. Dyads

4. Organizations 3. Groups

Research designed to describe or  summarize information about a  population or sample.

The initial research conducted to clarify and define the nature of a  problem.



Research conducted to identify cause and affect relationship among variable when the research problem has already been narrowly defined.


Causal / othesis

Types of  research


Research interference

In studies conducted to establish cause and effects, the researcher tries to manipulate certain variables so as to study the effects of such manipulation on dependent variable of  interest.

Exploratory and descriptive studies are conducted in the natural environment of the organization where the researcher usually interferes minimally with the normal flow of work 

Internal sources

External sources

2. The information may not meet specific needs.

2. Inex ensive 1. Readily

Data collection sources can be divided into two  primary and secondary types. Primary data comes from the original sources. Secondary data comes from studies and data collection

1. Data may be out Sources of secondary data



Disadvanta es




Sources of primary data



Quick, inexpensive, efficient and accurate

Interview Flexible and  properly conducted


Disadvanta es

In specific for  each form of  data collection. (mail, personal interview and telephone)

Selfadministrated questionnaires

Telephone interview

Personal interview

Printed, selfadministrated questionnaires that use other  form of  distributions.

Research is an objective and systematic scientific inquiry or investigation into A specific problem that needs A solution. Definition of  research Business research means the systematic and objective process of gathering, recording, and analyzing data for aid in making business decision

To seek the truth To discover new knowledge Importance of  research INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH

To describe, explain and predict. To provide solution to A problem To help in decision making Basic research

Types of research Applied research Purpose clearly defined Research process detailed Well planned research Charactheristics of  good research

Ethical issues Adequate analysis for decision maker's needs Findings presented unambiguously Conclusions justified

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